Fifth, all NAFTA countries were required to respect patents, trademarks and copyrights. At the same time, the agreement ensured that these intellectual property rights did not affect trade. The meat industry was one of the most affected agricultural sectors. In 2004, Mexico moved from a small player in the U.S. export market to the second largest importer of U.S. agricultural products, and NAFTA may have been an important catalyst for this change. Free trade has removed barriers to business between the two countries, allowing Mexico to offer a growing meat market in the United States and increase sales and profits for the meat industry in the United States. A simultaneous and dramatic increase in Mexican GDP per capita has significantly changed meat consumption patterns due to increased per capita meat consumption.  For Mexico, a free trade agreement with the United States was a way to support reforms of its market-opening measures from the mid-1980s to transform Mexico`s former statistical economy after the devastating debt crisis of the 1980s.8 The combination of the severe economic repercussions of the debt crisis , weak domestic savings and an increasingly overvalued peso put the Mexican government under pressure. , to reform market opening and stimulate imports of goods and capital to encourage competition. In the Mexican market.
A free trade agreement with the United States was a way to block domestic policy efforts to withdraw Mexican reforms, especially in the politically sensitive agricultural sector. NAFTA has helped to rebuff protectionist demands from industry and interest groups in Mexico9. One of the Mexican government`s main objectives was to build investment confidence in order to attract greater foreign investment flows and stimulate economic growth. Since NAFTA came into force, Mexico has used the agreement as a fundamental model for other free trade agreements signed by Mexico with other countries.10 From a Canadian perspective, the significant consequence of the free trade agreement may have been, which has not been done, that many of the fears of opening trade with the United States have not occurred. Canada has not become an economic appendage or a “51st state,” as many feared. It has not lost control of its water or energy resources; its manufacturing industry was not left out of the agreement. On the contrary, as one Canadian commentator put it, “free trade has helped Canada grow, turn its face to the world, accept its future as a trading nation, and overcome its chronic sense of inferiority.” 76 However, some hopes of the free trade agreement, for example, that it would be a catalyst for greater productivity in Canadian industry, have not been realized.