Commits to reduce emissions by 29% for agriculture, 31% for energy and 21% for forests and land use by 2030, compared to a business as usual scenario. That`s an average drop of 27%. This is linked to international aid, although about 40% of them can be filled unconditionally. Contains a section on adaptation, but only for the period 2015-2020. Since our last update in December 2019, the EU-271 has taken a major step forward in regaining its position as a climate leader in the fight against climate change. Although its measures to combat climate change are not yet compatible with the Paris Agreement, it differs from other countries in making the fight against climate change the engine of economic recovery. The EU`s main weakness remains the target of reducing emissions by at least 40% by 2030, which is outdated and extremely inadequate. In September, the Commission recommended that the EU increase its target to at least 55% (including UTCATF); But that doesn`t go far enough. Increasing this target to 65% and funding measures to combat climate change abroad would make the EU the first region to meet commitments that are compatible with the Paris Agreement. Given that these changes are not yet reflected in a significant increase in the EU`s emissions reduction target, the CTU considers that the EU-27 is “insufficient”. Each country that signs the Paris Agreement has set a target known as the national contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. But the first round in 2015 was not enough to meet the Paris goal of keeping global warming well below 2C above pre-industrial levels, with the goal of reaching a limit of 1.5 C.
The United Kingdom officially presented on Thursday evening (3 December) the target of a 68% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The objective will serve as a national contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which will define the necessary internal measures that each country must take to contribute to the implementation of the comprehensive agreement. The UK`s goal under the 2015 Paris Agreement, when it shared a joint emissions plan with the EU, was to reduce by 53% by 2030. However, this was widely considered non-stretchable and the UK also had a national CO2 budget, in accordance with the Climate Change Act, which imposes an average reduction of 57% between 2028 and 2032. An unconditional 20% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to practice. A 30% reduction is conditional on the provision of international funds. This would represent a 22% increase over 2010 emissions. Contains the adjustment section. Peru`s position on the Paris agreement is also set out. The INDC of Peru. intends to participate in joint EU efforts to reduce emissions by 40% across the region from 1990 to 2030 levels. The specific commitment it will make to share efforts under this approach has yet to be decided; If no agreement is reached, Iceland will file a new INDC.
This is INDC. Due to the COVID 19 blockade and the economic recession, EU emissions are expected to fall by 10-11% in 2020 compared to 2019. This would result in an overall decrease of 34-35% in 2020 from 1990 levels. The economic recovery in 2021 is expected to result in a 2% increase in emissions compared to 2020. The measures already implemented at the national level of the Member States will result in a reduction in emissions of around 37% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Achieving the EU`s renewable energy and energy efficiency targets will result in a 48% reduction in emissions by 2030. This indicates that the EU is on the verge of meeting – or even exceeding – its current emissions reduction target by 2030. A significant reinforcement of this objective is therefore not only achievable, but also necessary to meet the Paris Agreement`s requirement to reflect “the highest possible ambitions”.